If you are wondering how to set up a household budget for yourself and your loved ones, you are in the right place! We will discuss a few questions you would need to answer to kick off your household budget and review some tools to help you in the process.
- Why do you need a budget?
The first question to ask when setting up your monthly budget is: ‘what is your objective?’ Are you looking to understand better where your money goes, or do you have a goal you are working towards? Your budget planning rigor will need to change depending on what the answer is.
- How do you define household budget?
Do you live with your partner or roommate? Do you include all your shared spending under household costs? Do you have separate non-household costs as well?
If you are not alone in your household, then at the very least you will need to align on the following:
- What spending counts towards the household budget?
- How do you finance your household budget? What amount each of you will contribute, if any.
- How does your household spending look like today?
Before setting up any budget, you would need to understand the baseline. The last thing you want is to have an unrealistic goal you can never achieve, which will only invalidate the whole budgeting idea. So start small and first record all your current household outgoings. Don’t worry; it does not need to be as daunting as it might sound. There are plenty of templates on the internet to simplify your process. And if you hate spreadsheets as much as we do, you might want to look into tools like Monshare. These are designed to analyze your expenses as close to ‘effortlessly’ as technologically possible.
- What are your fixed expenses?
This is another question you need to answer on the way to a realistic household budget. Certain things cannot be budgeted simply because those are things you absolutely need or absolutely love. Now we ask you to be reasonable here. It would be best if you absolutely had a roof, food, safety, basic sports, and that Netflix subscription during the pandemic. But just because you love caviar does not mean it is something that you should include in your base expenses.
Your base expense, or your fixed expenses, should be considered in your household budget as a lump sum only: it makes no sense to analyze them further at this time.
- What buckets of expenses would you like to track and budget?
I know your mind is wondering already; you might think ‘’all of them’. Hold your horses. We are not building a robust accounting system here. We are defining a household budget, which you can sustain for a long period of time. As a rule of thumb, you don’t want to go over 7 categories and probably want to stick closer to 5. These are the budget categories we recommend tracking:
- Fixed expenses (read the point before)
- Household costs – everything you need to buy and pay for, that makes your household…a home. This would include groceries, cleaning materials, non-essential monthly subscriptions, etc.
- Personal shopping – non-essential shopping, including clothes and personal electronics.
- Fun – everyone needs some fun, even your household budget:-) Your movies, games, parties, self-care – what have you- will go here.
- Savings – you will want to budget for it separately. If your income allows for it, you should target, at the very least, 10% of your income to be put aside as savings.
- Vacation – set aside some money towards your well-deserved rest and track it monthly and annually.
- Other – everything else that did not fit above. This is the one you might need to reshuffle the moment it’s more than 5% of your spending.
- How much do you want to save?
Start with defining your target savings and redistribute the amounts between the rest of the groups. If you need help setting up and controlling the budget for each of the groups, look at this free personal budget spreadsheet.
- How realistic is your budget?
Track your expenses against your newly defined budget for a couple of months and revise the process. You might notice that you are being too liberal with the definition of ‘Fun’ or have a whole lot of ‘accidentals’ in your ‘other’ bucket. That may mean one of the following things:
- Your budget is not realistic for your household, and you need to revise it.
- You are not diligent enough to stick to your budget and allow yourself too many ‘cheat days’ (just like on a diet, yes:-)
- You have a lot of unexpected and unplanned expenses and need a break. That is ok. We all need that sometimes.
We hope you found our guide on how to set up your household budget helpful.
And we wish you best of luck with achieving your great and undoubtedly ambitious goals.